By Marlon Bryant, Philosophy & Religion Major, Winthrop University
Abortion is the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, most often performed during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy. In today’s modern society, abortion is something that has become more and more common. According to the CDC, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 699,202 legally induced abortions were reported to the CDC from 49 reporting areas just within the year of 2012. The controversial topic of whether or not abortion is legally right or wrong can be determined based on our Constitution, as well as scientific facts.
First, we know that our United States Constitution states that “all men are created equal” and that all people have the right to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness". From a biological standpoint, it has been proven that a child is a living, human being beginning with immediate conception. Dr. Dianne N. Irving’s article, “When Do Human Beings Begin?” from Princeton University’s International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy states that when fertilization begins, parts of human beings have been changed into a whole human being. “During the process of fertilization, the sperm and the oocyte cease to exist as such, and a new human being is produced.” This author as well as many other scholars and experts have agreed on this undeniable fact. With that being said, in any situation, one must consider the fact that the life or death of a human being should not be determined based on one's size, level of development, environment, or dependency. Could we say that it is reasonable for a 5 year old to be murdered because of what we think he is going to become, or the current financial situation he is in? Doing so would assume that we can take away from the fact that the 5 year old is a human being with his or her own rights. If we are dealing with a human being inside of a woman's uterus, then we must not rob that person of his or her rights based on the circumstances mentioned earlier. This directly contradicts one of our most fundamental human rights- the right to life.