Grounded in the Garden: How Women Can Display the Truth of Genesis
Scarlett Clay, Chapter Director, University of Texas, Austin
Women can eat of every tree in the garden of ministry opportunities except one in authority over men in the local assembly. God’s chosen instrument, Paul, settled the matter via the superintendence of the Holy Spirit around 59 AD, sans ambiguity:
I Tim. 2:11: Let a woman learn in silence will all submission.
I Tim. 2:12: And I do not permit a woman to teach or have authority over a man, but to be in silence.
Clarity in the verses
These verses are uncomplicated; Verse 12 clarifies verse 11. The meaning of these verses are, in the words of Southern Seminary President, Albert Mohler, “excruciatingly clear”. The verbs are in the present indicative (the continuing idea), and there is no sense in which the Greek authentein (authority) carries the nuance of “abusive authority”. If Paul’s goal was to prohibit abusive authority, he would’ve included men, since abuse is wrong regardless of who is doing the abusing. Additionally, if we interpret the verse with such nuance it conflicts with three widely used translations in evangelical churches: NIV, ESV, and NASB. None translate authentein to mean “abusive authority”. The Pauline prohibition stands on a firm foundation of accomplished and reliable New Testament scholarship.
An explanation in the text
Following the prohibition, Paul preemptively halts progressives:
I Tim. 2:13 “For Adam was formed first, then Eve.”
I Tim. 2:14 “And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived, fell into transgression.”
The prohibition is not due to any inferiority of female reason or rhetoric – it is grounded in Creation. Paul reminds us the fairer sex was created second and fell first. Time and culture cannot change those high-heel busting facts. Submission to Paul’s directive does not negate the value of women in the church; rather, it proclaims the truth of Creation and the Fall. Further objections melt beneath the heat of this Genesitic seal.
Nevertheless, two common objections persist. Some point to the Old Testament judge, Deborah, making a false comparison. The office of pastor in the NT is not comparable to a judge in ancient Israel; plus, that was a time when men “did what was right in their own eyes” (Judges 17:6, Judges 21:25). Similarly, some point to the New Testament figure called Junias/Junia (Romans 16:7) as an ‘apostle’ and an example of a female elder has been adequately refuted by respected NT scholar, Dan Wallace, saying, “In sum, until further evidence is produced that counter the working hypothesis, we must conclude that Andronicus and Junia were not apostles, but were known to the apostles.” Therefore, it’s exegetically responsible to admit that the NT does not provide an example of women in authority over men in the local church. As Dr. Owen Strachan, associate professor of theology at Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary, notes, “If we take the Bible at its word, then we recognize that there is no way for a woman to instruct the gathered church, whether in an authoritative or a non-authoritative way.”
In a time when the unbelieving world dismisses concepts of femininity and masculinity, the sacredness of biblical marriage, and the proper ordering of the family, the gathered church has the privilege of putting truth on display for all who enter. We serve as living witnesses to the truth of both testaments by submitting to God-ordained roles. Though the Word of God has closed the office of pastor/elder to women in the context of the assembled church, innumerable ministry opportunities are ripe for the contributions of more women, including Ratio Christi! Check out the web site and see how you can get started equipping and encouraging students to defend their faith at your local college or university.
 Ask Anything Live, Ep. 10, at 15:15 to 15:21, at jhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qacXhJo-94E&feature=youtu.be